General Knowledge

Common Names and Formulas of Chemical Compounds

Chemical formulas provide a lot of information about chemical substances, such as how many and what atoms they are made of, as well as the way the atoms are arranged.

compound is a substance made up of a definite proportion of two or more elements. With the help of Chemical formulas, you can check number of atoms and elements in the compound.


1. Common Names: Baking Powder

Chemical Compounds: Sodium Bicarbonate

Chemical Formula: NaHCO3


2. Common Names: Blue Vitriol

Chemical Compounds: Copper Sulphate

Chemical Formula: CuSO4. XH2O


3. Common Names: Bleaching Powder

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Oxychloride

Chemical Formula: CaOCL2


4. Common Names: Chloroform

Chemical Compounds: Trichloro Methane

Chemical Formula: CHCl3


5. Common Names: Chalk (Marble)

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Carbonate

Chemical Formula: CaCo3


6. Common Names: Caustic Potash

Chemical Compounds: Potassium Hydroxide

Chemical Formula: KOH


7. Common Names: Caustic Soda

Chemical Compounds: Sodium Hydroxide

Chemical Formula: NaOH


8. Common Names: Dry Ice

Chemical Compounds: Solid Carbondioxide

Chemical Formula: CO2


9. Common Names: Epsom

Chemical Compounds: Magnesium Sulphate

Chemical Formula: MgSo4


10. Common Names: Gypsum

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Sulphate

Chemical Formula: CaSo4. 2H2O


11. Common Names: Green Vitriol

Chemical Compounds: Ferrous Sulphate

Chemical Formula: FeSo4


12. Common Names: Heavy Water

Chemical Compounds: Deuterium Oxide

Chemical Formula: D2O


13. Common Names: Vinegar

Chemical Compounds: Acetic Acid

Chemical Formula: CH3COOH


14. Common Names: Washing Soda

Chemical Compounds: Sodium Carbonate

Chemical Formula: Na2CO3


15. Common Names: Slaked Lime

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Hydroxide

Chemical Formula: Ca(OH)2


16. Common Names: Potash Alum

Chemical Compounds: Potassium Aluminium Sulphate

Chemical Formula: KAl(SO?)?·12H?O


17. Common Names: Quick Lime

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Oxide

Chemical Formula: CaO


18. Common Names: Plaster of Paris

Chemical Compounds: Calcium Sulphate

Chemical Formula: CaSO4. 1/2 H2O


19. Common Names: Mohr's Salt

Chemical Compounds: Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate

Chemical Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2·6H2O


20. Common Names: White Vitriol

Chemical Compounds: Zinc Sulphate

Chemical Formula: ZnSo4.7H2O


21. Common Names: Marsh Gas

Chemical Compounds: Methane

Chemical Formula: CH4


22. Common Names: Magnesia

Chemical Compounds: Magnesium Oxide

Chemical Formula: MgO


23. Common Names: Laughing Gas

Chemical Compounds: Nitrous Oxide

Chemical Formula: N2O


24. Common Names: Vermelium

Chemical Compounds: Mercuric Sulphide

Chemical Formula: HgS


25. Common Names: Sugar

Chemical Compounds: Sucrose

Chemical Formula: C12H22O11


26. Common Names: T.N.T.

Chemical Compounds: Trinitrotoluene

Chemical Formula: C7H5N3O6


27. Common Names: Sand

Chemical Compounds: Silicon Oxide

Chemical Formula: SiO2